Coping mechanism

The lesser-used term for coping mechanism is the compensation strategy. This term points to the fact that it is a mechanism we use to compensate for something. Usually, it is a compensation for a difficult situation, a period of stress, a traumatic event, etc. There are two types of coping strategies: “Problem-focused” strategies, meaning we actively target the problem and try to solve it. Second type are “Emotion-focused” strategies. With these, we try to calm down. Therefore, they serve to reduce anxiety caused by a specific situation. 1

  1. Folkman, Susan, and Richard Lazarus. “An Analysis of Coping in a Middle-Aged Community Sample.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, no. 21, American Sociological Association, 1980, pp. 219–31, doi:https://doi.org/10.2307/2136617. ↩︎